The National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria was set up by Decree No. 67 of 1979 to train, examine and award Degrees, Certificates and Diplomas in all areas of postgraduate Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry. It was set up with Faculties and a Senate with powers to determine and establish additional Faculties. The College today has 16 faculties in medical, surgical and dental specialties. It has concentrated on producing specialists in medical and dental specialties for service, teaching and research for more than 50 years.
The overriding philosophy of the College has been to provide continuing postgraduate medical training and skills to medical doctors in Nigeria. The specialists so produced are saddled with two main responsibilities which include provision of specialist medical care for Nigerians in all the secondary and tertiary health institutions and train the next generation of doctors as medical teachers in all the medical schools in Nigeria. Some of its Fellows are involved in the design and implementation of primary health care programmes at all levels as well as in the implementation of disease control programmes.
In line with its statute, the College Senate reviewed the changes that have occurred in several sectors globally and in Nigeria and therefore decided to introduce the training and award of the postgraduate MD program, (British Model) in Clinical Sciences in the National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria (NPMCN).